[Bioperl-l] Output a subset of FASTA data from a single large file

Michael Oldham oldham at ucla.edu
Fri Jun 9 21:39:45 EDT 2006


Thanks to everyone for their helpful advice.  I think I am getting closer,
but no cigar quite yet.  The script below runs quickly with no errors--but
the output file is empty.  It seems that the problem must lie somewhere in
the 'while' loop, and I'm sure it's quite obvious to a more experienced
eye--but not to mine!  Any suggestions?  Thanks again for your help.

--Mike O.


#!/usr/bin/perl -w

use strict;

my $IDs = 'ID.dat.txt';

unless (open(IDFILE, $IDs)) {
	print "Could not open file $IDs!\n";
	}

my $probes = 'HG_U95Av2_probe_fasta.txt';

unless (open(PROBES, $probes)) {
	print "Could not open file $probes!\n";
	}

open (OUT,'>','probe_subset.txt') or die "Can't write output: $!";

my @ID = <IDFILE>;
chomp @ID;
my %ID = map {($_, 1)} @ID; #Note: This creates a hash with keys=PSIDs and
all values=1.

	while (<PROBES>) {
		my $idmatch = exists($ID{$1}) if /^>probe:\w+:(\w+):/;
		if ($idmatch){
			print OUT;
		}
	}
exit;


-----Original Message-----
From: Cook, Malcolm [mailto:MEC at stowers-institute.org]
Sent: Friday, June 09, 2006 7:58 AM
To: Michael Oldham; bioperl-l at lists.open-bio.org
Subject: RE: [Bioperl-l] Output a subset of FASTA data from a single large
file



I wouldn't bioperl for this, or create an index.  Perl would do fine and
probably be faster.

Assuming your ids are one per line in a file named id.dat looking like
this

1138_at
1134_at
etc..

this should work:

perl -n -e 'BEGIN{open(idfile, shift) or die "no can open"; @ID =
<idfile>; chomp @ID; %ID = map {($_, 1)} @ID;}  $inmatch =
exists($ID{$1}) if /^>probe:\w+:(\w+):/; print if $inmatch' id.dat
mybigfile.fa

good luck

--Malcolm Cook

>-----Original Message-----
>From: bioperl-l-bounces at lists.open-bio.org
>[mailto:bioperl-l-bounces at lists.open-bio.org] On Behalf Of
>Michael Oldham
>Sent: Thursday, June 08, 2006 9:08 PM
>To: bioperl-l at lists.open-bio.org
>Subject: [Bioperl-l] Output a subset of FASTA data from a
>single large file
>
>Dear all,
>
>I am a total Bioperl newbie struggling to accomplish a
>conceptually simple
>task.  I have a single large fasta file containing about 200,000 probe
>sequences (from an Affymetrix microarray), each of which looks
>like this:
>
>>probe:HG_U95Av2:1138_at:395:301; Interrogation_Position=2631;
>Antisense;
>TGGCTCCTGCTGAGGTCCCCTTTCC
>
>What I would like to do is extract from this file a subset of ~130,800
>probes (both the header and the sequence) and output this
>subset into a new
>fasta file.  These 130,800 probes correspond to 8,175 probe set IDs
>("1138_at" is the probe set ID in the header listed above); I
>have these
>8,175 IDs listed in a separate file.  I *think* that I managed
>to create an
>index of all 200,000 probes in the original fasta file using
>the following
>script:
>
>#!/usr/bin/perl -w
>
> # script 1: create the index
>
> use Bio::Index::Fasta;
> use strict;
> my $Index_File_Name = shift;
> my $inx = Bio::Index::Fasta->new(
>     -filename => $Index_File_Name,
>     -write_flag => 1);
> $inx->make_index(@ARGV);
>
>I'm not sure if this is the most sensible approach, and even
>if it is, I'm
>not sure what to do next.  Any help would be greatly appreciated!
>
>Many thanks,
>Mike O.
>
>
>
>
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