[Bioperl-l] Bio::Ontology help solicited

Govind Chandra govind.chandra at bbsrc.ac.uk
Thu Jun 19 11:54:20 EDT 2008

Hi Hilmar,

Below is an extract from perldoc Bio::Ontology::Ontology from which I
_wrongly_ concluded that -identifier and -name do the same thing.


        Title   : find_terms
        Usage   : ($term) = $oe->find_terms(-identifier => "SO:0000263");
        Function: Find term instances matching queries for their attributes.

                  An implementation may not support querying for arbitrary
                  attributes, but can generally be expected to accept
                  -identifier and -name as queries. If both are provided,
                  they are implicitly intersected.

        Example :
        Returns : an array of zero or more Bio::Ontology::TermI objects
        Args    : Named parameters. The following parameters should be recognized
                  by any implementations:

                     -identifier    query by the given identifier
                     -name          query by the given name

I had been messing with this script for a few hours before posting for
help and had tried various combinations of -identifier and -name. But
neither -identifier => "GO:0000072" nor -name => "M phase specific
microtubule process" work. I know that the GOid exists because I can
find it in the obo file. There is something more fundamentally wrong in
my script than just the syntax. Like you suggested, below, I
get_all_terms() but the list @allterms is empty.

### code begins ###
use strict;
use Bio::OntologyIO;

my $file='gene_ontology.1_2.obo';
my $parser = Bio::OntologyIO->new(
  -format => "obo",
  -file => $file
my $ontology = $parser->next_ontology();
print(ref($ontology), "\n");
my @allterms = $ontology->get_all_terms();
print(scalar(@allterms), "\n");
my $limiter;
foreach my $term (@allterms) {
if($limiter++ > 30) {last;}
### code ends ###

### output begins ###
### output ends ###

Given that the script works with the "go" format files (except
process.ontology in which case it complains and exits) I suspect the obo
file but am surprised that Bio::OntologyIO->next_ontology() does not
complain. Will it be asking for too much to request you to get the obo
file I am trying to parse from


and see if it works for you?



On Thu, 2008-06-19 at 10:50 -0400, Hilmar Lapp wrote:
> On Jun 19, 2008, at 10:27 AM, Govind Chandra wrote:
> > I changed the line below
> >
> > my ($term)=$ontology->find_terms(-name => "GO:0000072");
> >
> > to
> >
> > my ($term)=$ontology->find_terms(-identifier => "GO:0000072");
> That's odd. Did you convince yourself that a term with this identifier  
> is indeed in the ontology? If you iterate over all terms (using e.g.  
> $ontology->get_all_terms()), is there a term with this identifier?
> E.g.: print join("\n", map { $_->identifier; }
>                             (grep { $_->identifier =~ /0000072/; }
>                                   $ontology->get_all_terms())),"\n";
> Does this print anything?
> > but it does not make any difference. From perldoc I gathered that - 
> > name
> > and -identifier should do the same thing anyway.
> I'm not sure where you gathered that from. Could you point me to the  
> location that says that?
> 	-hilmar

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